Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

eastern_orthodox_christianity [2009/04/03 13:34]
innokenti Published
eastern_orthodox_christianity [2009/04/03 14:52] (current)
ivan SPAG
Line 4: Line 4:
===== Quick Start ===== ===== Quick Start =====
-The main thing to remember about Orthodox Christianity is both its similarities to and differences from Catholic Christianity. Both are noticeably and obviously different from Islam, as both spring from the same roots and even a century previous the major differences are cosmetic more than anything else. The best way of understanding it is as a series of both theological and tradional differences that individually are not necessarily too different, but together add up to a big difference.+The main thing to remember about Orthodox Christianity is both its similarities to and differences from Catholic Christianity. Both are noticeably and obviously different from Islam, as both spring from the same roots and even a century previous the major differences are cosmetic more than anything else. The best way of understanding it is as a series of both theological and traditional differences that individually are not necessarily too different, but together add up to a big difference.
-Orthodox (also called Eastern) Christianity is defined most obviously geographically, being the religion of the Byzantine Empire, Georgia, the Rus as well as significant communities in the Holy Land and Egypt, centered on Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria.+Orthodox (also called Eastern) Christianity is defined most obviously geographically, being the religion of the Byzantine Empire, Georgia, the Rus as well as significant communities in the Holy Land and Egypt, centred on Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria.
==== Principals ==== ==== Principals ====
Line 32: Line 32:
The current Patriarch of Constantinople, and thus the nominal leader of the Orthodox Church is Basil II Kamateros. The Patriarch of Constantinople however, is unlike the Western Pope, and is titled 'First Among Equals'. In practice, as the other Patriarchs - of Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria are under the rule of foreign and non-Orthodox powers, the powers of Basil II are significant, in both his political and religious roles. The current Patriarch of Constantinople, and thus the nominal leader of the Orthodox Church is Basil II Kamateros. The Patriarch of Constantinople however, is unlike the Western Pope, and is titled 'First Among Equals'. In practice, as the other Patriarchs - of Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria are under the rule of foreign and non-Orthodox powers, the powers of Basil II are significant, in both his political and religious roles.
-A Patriarch has significant influence both as religious leader of Orthodox Christians and as a leader of the surrounding community in general. Indeed, the Patriarchs of Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria care for all the population of their cities, whether Orthodox, Catholic or Muslim. The Bishops under them exercise similar roles in their areas, called //eparchies// or dioces, which themselves are subdivided into smaller units - the parishes.+A Patriarch has significant influence both as religious leader of Orthodox Christians and as a leader of the surrounding community in general. Indeed, the Patriarchs of Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria care for all the population of their cities, whether Orthodox, Catholic or Muslim. The Bishops under them exercise similar roles in their areas, called //eparchies// or dioceses, which themselves are subdivided into smaller units - the parishes.
Any serious theological or Church decisions are commonly made in Councils, requiring a gathering of all or a significant number of bishops to debate and rule on issues. This has been considered a serious strength of the Church and has helped it maintain a greater degree of unity and authority, able to crush heretical or otherwise hurtful ideas and movements as a whole. Any serious theological or Church decisions are commonly made in Councils, requiring a gathering of all or a significant number of bishops to debate and rule on issues. This has been considered a serious strength of the Church and has helped it maintain a greater degree of unity and authority, able to crush heretical or otherwise hurtful ideas and movements as a whole.
==== Monasticism ==== ==== Monasticism ====
-Monasticism originated in Syria and Egypt almost a thousand years ago, and has established itself firmly in Orthodox Christianity in a number of ways. Monasteries are present throughout the Orthodox world in both centralised and highly-orgaised communities, as well as loose ones far out in the wildernesses, with a number of individuals in nearby locations.+Monasticism originated in Syria and Egypt almost a thousand years ago, and has established itself firmly in Orthodox Christianity in a number of ways. Monasteries are present throughout the Orthodox world in both centralised and highly-organised communities, as well as loose ones far out in the wildernesses, with a number of individuals in nearby locations.
-Unless Western Christianity, there no connected orders throughout the Orthodox world like the Dominicans or Benedictines. Instead, each Monastic community is individual and closely connected to the local Church authority. Monasteries are incredibly active and the monks and nuns work hard, both making all kinds of goods, gathering food and acting as hostels for travelers across the world.+Unlike Western Christianity, there are no widespread orders throughout the Orthodox world like the Dominicans or Benedictines. Instead, each Monastic community is individual and closely connected to the local Church authority. Monasteries are incredibly active and the monks and nuns work hard, both making all kinds of goods, gathering food and acting as hostels for travellers across the world.
==== Playing an Orthodox Christian ==== ==== Playing an Orthodox Christian ====
-Playing an Orthodox Christian is not dissimilar to playing a Catholic, indeed, a number of the stereotypes can be adapted to an Orthodox believer. As a member of the Orthodox States, you are likely to be a practicing Orthodox Christian or even a Bishop.+Playing an Orthodox Christian is not dissimilar to playing a Catholic, indeed, a number of the stereotypes can be adapted to an Orthodox believer. As a member of the Orthodox States, you are likely to be a practising Orthodox Christian or even a Bishop.
A pious warrior prays before and after battle, for both herself, her comrades and her enemies. A pious warrior prays before and after battle, for both herself, her comrades and her enemies.
eastern_orthodox_christianity.txt · Last modified: 2009/04/03 14:52 by ivan
Except where otherwise noted, content on this wiki is licensed under the following license:CC Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported